Panchakarma is a set of five therapeutic treatments namely Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Basti, Raktamosksha administered to the patient for the complete detoxification of the body. According to Ayurveda, the detoxification of the body is essential before undergoing any other major treatment. Even for healthy people, it is recommended to undergo this treatment once every five years to rid the body of all the impurities and chemical toxins it accumulates over the years. In some cases, Panchakarma alone can cure many chronic diseases that will not require any further treatments afterwards
Vamana (Emesis therapy):-Vamana is therapeutic vomiting, which is a medicated emesis therapy. The kapha toxins accumulated in the body
Virechana (Purgation therapy):- Virechana is the cleansing of the pitta and the purification of the blood toxins. Virechana can be administered directly. This eliminates the toxic or waste matters from the intestine. It also cures pitta or pitta-dominated diseases.
Nasya Karma (Nasal medication): - Nasya therapy is a process wherein the herbalized oils and liquid medicines is administered through the nostrils. Since nose is the gateway of the head, the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head.
Basti Karma (Medicated enema):-It concentrates on the elimination of the loosened vata dosha out through the rectum. The treatment involves the introduction of medicinal substances, such as, herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium, into the rectum of the person. This is because vata is predominantly located in the colon and bones.
Raktamoksha Therapy (Blood Letting):- Raktamoksha entails the refinement of blood, hence administered to treat disorders pertaining to skin, such as urticaria, rash, eczema, acne, scabies, leucoderma, chronic itching and hives.